Whitefly Overview

There are more that 1550 species of Whiteflies and at least 60 have been reported in Florida but the most common in South Florida are;

  • Ficus Whitefly

  • Rugose Spiraling Whitefly (Gumbo Limbo Spiraling Whitefly)

  • Bondar’s Nesting Whitefly

  • Silverleaf Whitefly (Sweetpotato whitefly)

 

Not only are Ficus plants and Gumbo Limbos effected by these Whiteflies, but also Palm Trees, houseplants, greenhouse plants, fruits and vegetables.

 

Whiteflies reproduce quickly, spread at a rapid rate and susceptible plants can be quickly overwhelmed. These insects carry and can spread diseases to other plants.

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BEWARE:  Nothing changes overnight and it sometimes takes time for plant recovery

 

 

General Whiteflies in Florida

 

The Whitefly is a tiny insect, resembling a moth that feeds by tapping into the phloem of plants, introducing toxic saliva that decreases the plants’ overall life. It also secretes honeydew that encourages mold growth and/or ants. Honeydew and sooty mold can also cover non-plant surfaces from nearby infested plants.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Detecting infestation early on can be difficult with the naked eye, so we recommend calling for a professional evaluation of your plants. If your plants have yellow leaves, are losing leaves, or you see Whitefly “skins” on the leaves, call immediately to request treatment. You will also be able to detect just by shaking the plant to see the Whiteflies fly off the leaves.

 

Typical Whitefly Life Cycle                                                        Various Nymph Stages
Silverleaf Whitefly - Bemisia tabaci                Citrus Whitefly - Dialeurodes citri                    Giant Whitefly - Aleurodicus dugesii
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bondar’s Nesting Whitefly - Paraleyrodes bondari

The Bonder’s nesting whitefly has been found in Florida in December 2011

  • ŸBroward ŸCollier

  • ŸLee

  • ŸMiami-Dade

  • ŸPalm Beach

Hosts

 

• avocado 

• banyan tree

• canary laurel or barbusano

• Chinese hibiscus

• coconut palm 

• guava 

• Indian laurel 

• lemon

• navel orange 

• mandarin orange 

• palms in the genus Chamaedorea

• Surinam cherry 

• sweetsop 

• sapote  

• tilo or stinkwood

• weeping fig

They are native to South America and the Caribbean and have been detected in Madeira, Comoros, Mauritius, Reunion, Taiwan, Hawaii, Portugal.

 

 

Damage                                                                                                                                                                            Bottom of Leaves 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Top of Leaves    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
Ficus Whitefly Singhiella simplex (Fig Whitefly)                           

 

They have been detected in Florida since 2009 in Miami-Dade County and then spreading to Broward, Monroe, Indian River, and Polk Counties. They are native to Central America.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Damage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rugose Spiraling WhiteflyAleurodicus rugioperculatus (Gumbo Limbo Whitefly)

 

They have been detected in Florida since 2009 in Miami-Dade County and then spreading to Broward, Monroe, Indian River, and Polk Counties. They are native to Central America.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hosts                                                                                                         Damage                                                                                                 Eggs

• Manila palm

• Florida black olive

• gumbo limbo

• foraha or tamanu

• cocoplum

• satinleaf

• coconut palm 

• areca palm

• mango

• avocado

• pigmy palm

• live oak

• white bird of paradise

• tropical almond

• montgomery palm

• washingtonia palm

 

BEFORE & AFTER

Contact the professionals at GONE Pest Management now!! 
Call 1-800-358-8510